The crude oil spill caused by an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig has had a significant impact on research efforts with fuel and oil spills. Scientists continue to stuff both the short- and long-term effects of oil spills on the environment, whether wildlife or residents in the areas where a spill occurs. The serious impact of a large oil rig spill or any other bunker oil pollution is cause for concern.
The Cause of Oil Pollution
Most of the oil pollution that occurs is the result of either carelessness or accidents. Many times, oil can leak or spill during times of refueling, but it can also happen when a vessel is underway. Oil can leak out through bilge water, sludges, oil tank washing, waste oil, dirty ballast water and slops. Even at small levels, this release of oil is toxic to people, wildlife and plants.
The Consequence of Oil Pollution
Thanks to bunker oil pollution liability laws, vessel owners and operators are held responsible for the costs and damages associated with oil pollution and spills. To preemptively assure the public and government agencies that the responsible parties can afford to own their mistakes, vessels of many sizes are required to have a guaranty of bunker and civil liability before setting sail.
Marine companies can be protected from the liabilities of bunker oil pollution by complying with financial guaranty requirements. Taking a more proactive oil in pollution prevention can also minimize the risks.